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Whose Criminology? Marginalised Perspectives and Populations within Student Production at the Montreal School of Criminology

Marcoux Rouleau, A., Melouka, I., & Pérusse-Roy, M.

Accepted pending minor revisions.


This study assumes that departmental and disciplinary tendencies are magnified within criminological student production. We empirically investigate the prevalence of and relationship between marginalised populations and criminological perspectives based on two decades’ worth of thesis and dissertation abstracts published by the Montreal School of Criminology in Québec, Canada (µ=408). Descriptive statistics show the overwhelming prevalence of conventional criminology (72%) compared to studies questioning or discussing alternatives to the status quo. Marginalised populations are considered among a minority of studies. We then examine factors predicting non-conventional perspectives within student production, using a logistic regression model explaining 46% of the variance. Studies considering race, social class, sociological aspects within criminology or resorting to qualitative methods show the strongest likelihood of relying on non-conventional perspectives, whereas studies considering age increase the likelihood of relying on conventional perspectives. In closing we urge criminologists working within all perspectives to meaningfully include and consider how their work impacts marginalised populations.

epistemology, criminology, victimology, women, Indigenous, queer


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